ferrous citrate

History of Ferrous citrate

Ferrous citrate’s lineage can be traced back several centuries, with its roots in ancient medicine. Historically, iron supplements have been administered to tackle anaemia, and over time, various iron compounds, including ferrous citrate, were formulated to ensure optimal absorption and minimal side effects. 

The ingredient has since become a staple in the health and wellness industry, firmly establishing its reputation as a go-to iron compound.


Scientific Make Up

At a molecular level, ferrous citrate is a chelate compound derived from the combination of ferric iron and citric acid. This formation enables enhanced solubility and, as a result, facilitates improved absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. 

The compound’s unique structure ensures a steady release of iron, aligning itself with the body’s natural absorption mechanisms.


Benefits of Ferrous citrate

Ferrous citrate stands out from the myriad of iron compounds for its multifaceted benefits:


  1. Effective Iron Supplement: As a highly bioavailable form of iron, ferrous citrate can effectively address conditions like iron-deficiency anaemia.


  1. Gentle on the Digestive System: Compared to other iron sources, ferrous citrate is often better tolerated, reducing common side effects like constipation.


  1. Synergistic Interactions: When combined with certain vitamins or minerals, ferrous citrate’s efficacy can be amplified. For instance, vitamin C has been known to enhance its absorption.


To substantiate its benefits, several studies have validated ferrous citrate’s role in improving iron levels and overall health.


Forms of Consumption

Ferrous citrate’s versatility manifests in its various forms of consumption:


  1. Tablets and Capsules: Traditional yet efficient, these are commonly prescribed by healthcare professionals.


  1. Liquid Supplements: Suitable for those who struggle with pills. They can be conveniently added to drinks or taken directly.


  1. Gummies: Increasingly popular, especially among children and adults who desire a more palatable option.


For bespoke formulations we can assist in tailoring ferrous citrate supplements for your brand’s needs.


Safety + Dosages

The safety of ferrous citrate is largely dose-dependent. For adults, the typical recommended dosage hovers around 60-120 mg of elemental iron daily. 

However, individual requirements can vary based on factors like age, health condition, and dietary intake. An overdose can lead to toxic effects; thus, adhering to the prescribed dose and consulting with a healthcare professional is pivotal.


Use and Legality in UK, EU, US, and Globally

In the UK and EU, ferrous citrate supplements are readily available over the counter and are regulated under food supplement guidelines. The US follows a similar trajectory, categorising ferrous citrate as a dietary supplement and regulating it under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act. 

Globally, its status can vary. Some nations necessitate a prescription, especially for higher dosages. Nevertheless, the ingredient’s ubiquity testifies to its global acceptance and prominence in health circles.

To further delve into the multifaceted world of supplement ingredients or to explore manufacturing opportunities for your brand, contact us.