History of Hawthorn

Hawthorn, scientifically known as Crataegus, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. This plant, native to temperate regions of Europe, North America, and Asia, has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties. 

Ancient Greeks and Romans recognised Hawthorn for its heart-related benefits, while in traditional Chinese medicine, it was employed for digestive and cardiovascular support. Over the centuries, its reputation has only grown, making it a staple in many herbal formulations.

Scientific Make-up

Hawthorn is a complex botanical, comprising a myriad of bioactive compounds. The primary constituents that have garnered attention are flavonoids, oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs), and triterpenic acids. 

These compounds are believed to be responsible for the plant’s therapeutic effects. Study reference.


Benefits of Hawthorn

Hawthorn boasts a plethora of health benefits:


  1. Cardiovascular Support: It’s renowned for its potential to support heart health, particularly in enhancing cardiac function and circulation.


  1. Antioxidant Properties: The flavonoids present in Hawthorn have been shown to possess potent antioxidant properties, which can combat oxidative stress.


  1. Digestive Aid: In traditional medicine, Hawthorn has been used to alleviate digestive issues.


  1. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Some studies suggest that Hawthorn can reduce inflammation, making it a potential ally against inflammatory conditions.


Forms of Consumption

Hawthorn can be consumed in various forms:


  1. Capsules and Tablets: These offer a convenient way to ingest a standardised dose.


  1. Liquid Extracts: These are often used in tinctures and can be added to drinks.


  1. Teas: Hawthorn berries, leaves, and flowers can be brewed into a soothing tea.


  1. Powders: These can be incorporated into smoothies or other beverages.


  1. Softgels: A popular delivery method, especially when combined with other lipid-soluble ingredients.


Comparing Hawthorn Leaf and Hawthorn Berries

Both the leaves and berries of the Hawthorn plant are revered for their medicinal properties, but there are subtle differences in their composition and uses.


Hawthorn Leaf:

Constituents: The leaves are rich in flavonoids, especially vitexin and rutin. These compounds are believed to be responsible for the majority of the leaf’s therapeutic effects.

Uses: Traditionally, the leaves have been used more for cardiovascular support. They are believed to help in improving heart function, reducing symptoms of heart failure, and enhancing circulation.

Preparation: Hawthorn leaves are often dried and used in teas or tinctures. They can also be found in capsule or tablet form, often combined with the plant’s flowers.


Hawthorn Berries:

Constituents: The berries contain a different profile of flavonoids and are also rich in oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs) and vitexin.

Uses: While they also support cardiovascular health, the berries have been traditionally used for digestive health. They are believed to help with indigestion and to promote a healthy appetite.

Preparation: The berries are commonly used to make liquid extracts, jams, and wines. They can also be dried and used in teas or encapsulated as a supplement.


Safety + Dosages

Hawthorn is generally considered safe when consumed in recommended dosages. Typical dosages range from 160 to 1,800 mg daily, divided into 2-3 doses. 

However, it’s crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.


Use and Legality in UK, EU, US and Globally  

In the UK and EU, Hawthorn is legally sold as a dietary supplement. The European Medicines Agency recognises its use for mild symptoms of heart-related conditions. 

In the US, the FDA classifies Hawthorn as a dietary supplement, and it’s widely available. 

Globally, its acceptance varies, but it’s predominantly recognised and used for its therapeutic benefits. As always, it’s essential to ensure compliance with local regulations when manufacturing or distributing Hawthorn-based products.


Supplement Factory: Leading the Way in Quality Supplement Manufacturing

For brands aiming to incorporate Hawthorn into their product line, Supplement Factory stands ready to assist. With over two decades of expertise, they ensure top-notch quality and efficacy in every product.

For further information or to embark on your supplement journey with Hawthorn, don’t hesitate to contact us.