History of Beta-alanine

Beta-alanine, a non-essential amino acid, was first discovered in the early 20th century. Unlike many amino acids, it is not used to synthesise proteins but has rapidly garnered interest in the fitness and wellness industry. 

Historically, its presence was noted in chicken breast tissues, which led to deeper research into its properties and potential benefits. Over time, its popularity in sports nutrition products, primarily as a component in pre-workout supplements, has surged, highlighting its significant role in contemporary sports nutrition.

Scientific Make-up

Structurally, beta-alanine is an isomer of the amino acid alanine. Its molecular formula is C3H7NO2. Upon ingestion, it combines with another amino acid, histidine, to form carnosine. 

This dipeptide molecule is stored in skeletal muscles and plays an essential role in muscle endurance, particularly during high-intensity exercises. Scientific research, like this study, supports its efficacy in increasing carnosine concentrations in muscles.


Benefits of Beta-alanine

Beta-alanine offers a plethora of benefits, particularly for athletes and fitness enthusiasts:


  1. Enhanced Muscular Endurance: The primary advantage is the increase in carnosine levels, which acts as a buffer against lactic acid accumulation in muscles. This delay in lactic acid build-up can enhance athletic performance, especially during short-duration, high-intensity activities.


  1. Increased Exercise Capacity: Some studies suggest that beta-alanine supplementation can help athletes train harder and longer.


  1. Synergy with Other Ingredients: When combined with ingredients like creatine and L-citrulline, beta-alanine’s benefits may be amplified, offering better results for athletes.


  1. Antioxidant Properties: Carnosine has demonstrated antioxidant capabilities, helping to combat oxidative stress, a contributing factor in ageing and various diseases.


Forms of Consumption

Beta-alanine is versatile and can be consumed in various formats:


  1. Capsules and Tablets: A popular choice for many, these offer a straightforward method of consumption with measured dosages.


  1. Powders: Often mixed in protein shakes or other beverages, powders allow for personalised dosage and can be combined with other supplement ingredients.


  1. Ready-to-Drink Beverages: For those on-the-go, pre-mixed beverages can be an ideal solution. These are often combined with other ingredients, offering a holistic sports nutrition solution.


  1. Gels and Chews: These are increasingly popular, especially among endurance athletes, for their portability and ease of consumption during extended physical activities.


As a leading manufacturer of supplements, Supplement Factory can help brands design and produce tailored beta-alanine products, ensuring quality and efficacy.


Safety + Dosages

Generally considered safe, the typical recommended dosage of beta-alanine ranges from 2g to 5g daily. Higher dosages might lead to a tingling sensation known as paresthesia, though this is harmless and subsides on its own. 

It’s always advised to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplementation.


Use and Legality in UK, EU, US and Globally

In the UK, beta-alanine is legal and widely used in sports nutrition products. Similarly, in the EU, it’s recognised as safe and is a common ingredient in dietary supplements. 

In the US, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies it as a dietary supplement, and it’s freely available to consumers. Globally, its status varies, but in most countries, it’s accepted and regulated as a dietary supplement.

Understanding the benefits and applications of beta-alanine is essential for both consumers and brands looking to harness its potential. As the world of sports nutrition evolves, ingredients like beta-alanine remain at the forefront.

If you’re considering launching a supplement product featuring beta-alanine or other innovative ingredients, partner with experts like Supplement Factory, a leading manufacturer in the field, to ensure your brand’s success. Contact us to learn more.